Raymond Leo Cardinal Burke
Raymond Leo Burke was born in Richland Center, Wisconsin, on June 30, 1948. He attended high school at Holy Cross Seminary in La Crosse, Wisconsin, before attending The Catholic University of America in Washington, D.C., as a Basselin Scholar. He undertook his studies in preparation for ordination to the Holy Priesthood at the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome, and was ordained to the priesthood by Pope Paul VI on June 29, 1975.
Ordained a bishop in 1995 by Saint Pope John Paul II, he served for almost nine years as Bishop of La Crosse, where he founded the Shrine of Our Lady of Guadalupe. On December 2, 2003, Bishop Burke was named Archbishop of Saint Louis. From 2008-2014, he served as Prefect of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura in Rome. He was elevated to the College of Cardinals in 2010 by Pope Benedict XVI. In November 2014, he was named Patron of the Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of Saint John of Jerusalem of Rhodes and of Malta.
Cardinal Burke serves as a judge on the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura and is currently a member of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints and of the Pontifical Council for Legislative Texts. He has also served on the Congregation for Bishops, the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, and the Council of Cardinals and Bishops of the Section for Relations with States of the Secretariat of State.
The Science of Being and Acting in the Encyclical Letter ‘Humanae Vitae’
Blessed Paul VI’s Encyclical Letter Humanae Vitae, on the regulation of birth, is one of the most prophetic magisterial documents of the last century. Since 1968, many faithful Catholics and people of goodwill have recognized and articulately defended the teaching of Blessed Paul VI on conjugal love and contraception. Finding its roots in Sacred Scripture and indeed in the natural law written by God on every human heart, the Church’s teaching has been steadfastly expressed and continually upheld by the Fathers of the Church, Papal Magisterium, Canon Law, local councils, and the Doctors of the Church. The monuments of the Church’s unchanged and unchanging doctrine and discipline in the matter of contraception indeed articulate the science of human nature, of man’s being and its expression in action. While commemorating the 50th anniversary of the publication of Humanae Vitae, it is important to understand the Church’s constant and unerring Magisterium regarding contraception as a testament to the science which is true to God’s plan for us and for our world.